Microsurgery is, no doubt, a big leap in the field of surgery. This new surgical procedure has turned into possible what was a couple years ago deemed impossible—repairing the extremely small body tissues, blood vessels, nerves, and so on.
The use of specialized microsurgical instruments is one of the forces behind the success of this new practice.
Unlike the standard surgical tools, these special devices have slender designs. They can easily grasp smaller body tissues and access through the layers of larger tissues.
They offer surgeons excellent maneuverability and allow for the highest level of precision when performing microsurgical operations.
List of Instruments Used in Microsurgery:
The following list introduces the basic instruments used in microsurgery procedures and what each is used for.
Micro needle holder
One of the most common tools for micro-level surgery procedures is the micro needle holder. Also referred to as needle forceps, this device holds the fine microsurgery needle during a surgical operation.
It features an integrated clamp system that locks the fine microsurgery needle in place firmly and for as long as it’s needed. This makes suturing easy during microsurgical procedures while allowing for more precise work.
A pair of micro scissors make another essential tool for microsurgical operations. They’re the perfect tools for making delicate dissections or surgeries.
They’re used for making fine cuts through small body tissues and blood vessels with the most minimal scarring effect. They find wide usage for surgery involving the face, breasts, and other body parts where minimal scarring following an operation is needed.
Typically, these micro scissors come with fine-tipped blades that offer greater visibility and high precision when handling confined places.
Micro vascular clamps
These specialized clamps are used to clamp damaged blood vessels and temporarily obstruct blood flow. This is helpful when the surgeons want to prevent blood from spurting during the microsurgical procedure.
Microvascular clamps come in various sizes to help surgeons find the right one for working on veins or arteries. Clamps intended for thick-walled arteries may also feature a slight turn at the end for easy use.
Note that these clamps have specific pressure they apply on the vessel. This is, however, dependent on their size. The inside of these clamps is highly friction resistant for a reliable grip of the vessels.
This medical device is used for surgical operations involving the eye. It helps keep the eye open during the examination and surgical process. The device is especially helpful when conducting laser eye surgery, glaucoma, or cornea transplant.
The surgeon usually inserts the speculum before they begin the operation. Once inserted, this device features a convex surface that rests against the eyeball. This helps reduce pressure against the eye and makes the patient feel more comfortable. When using a speculum, a surgeon needs to regularly apply moisture throughout the entire process.
Keep in mind that eyelid speculums come in different types. There are reusable and disposable ones. Models designed for microsurgery use usually let the surgeon fine-tune how far they want the speculum to open. These devices are typically made from lightweight metals for patient comfort and durability.
Forceps are also essential microsurgery devices for the precise handling of tissues in areas with limited access. This allows for better examination of any underlying tissues while helping create more room for surgical procedures.
These instruments also come in handy when grasping the ends of body tissues when they’re being sewn back or cut. They also do a great job at grasping sutures. The most common type of forceps used in microsurgery is the mosquito forceps.
Micro vessel dilators
These specialized surgical instruments find use in microsurgical procedures involving cardiovascular, graft procedures, and any other operations that require optimizing the blood flow to the tissues.
A typical vessel dilator is designed to enter small blood vessels and dislodge thrombus, remove plaque buildup, or even establish continued blood flow through the lumen.
It also has a fine prong that easily inserts into narrow lumens. Surgeons can then rotate this tool to allow a controlled increase of a vessel lumen. A narrow tip profile improves the precision of this device when used in such procedures.
It’s also worth mentioning that these instruments usually have blunt tips to greatly minimize the possibility of piercing and damaging tissues. They’re also available in straight or angled prongs to suit different surgical needs.
Microsurgery is a special field of surgery that deals with delicate, small body tissues. The success of this new surgical procedure is largely made possible by using specialized microsurgery instruments. These allow for easy maneuverability in areas with limited access and enhance high precision. The top instruments above are the basic tools that make up the kits of most micro-level surgical operations.
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